Wendy Carlos 1939to –
Film score composer and electronic music pioneer. Her 1968 album Switched-On Bach used the Moog synthesizer, a new and little-known instrument, to tediously compose the music of Bach note by note. It became one of the most successful classical albums up to that time, won three Grammys, and lent new credibility to electronic music. Her 1969 follow-up, The Well-Tempered Synthesizer, was also well received. She worked with Stanley Kubrick twice, on the scores for A Clockwork Orange and The Shining, and she also composed the music for the original Tron. She transitioned early in her career, and went public about being trans in 1979.